Car Exhaust Test in Germany
Apparently German carmakers have been involved in the latest scandal to hit the automotive industry in which car emissions tests were carried out on monkeys and humans by letting them inhale diesel fumes. The tests were made by a body, the European Research Group on Environment and Health in the Transport Sector (EUGT), funded by Volkswagen, Daimler and BMW. The German government has denounced those experiments and called them abominable.
The EUGT was designed to counter a 2012 decision by the World Health Organisation to classify diesel exhaust as a carcinogen. The body was dissolved by carmakers last year. Daimler condemned the experiments and Volkswagen is still embroiled in a scandal about them giving false diesel emission data. BMW as well has distanced itself from the experiments.
In the experiment monkeys were exposed to fumes in an air-tight chamber in Albuquerque, New Mexico. Later the media reported that humans had been tested the same way. Carmakers connected to the study have fired those in charge or at least relieved them from some of their duties. The level of pollution is still too high in 10 German cities therefore the vehicles are likely to be banned from the pollution hotspots.
carmaker (kɑ:ʳ,ˈmeɪkəʳ) – der Autohersteller
diesel fume (fju:m) – die Dieselabgase
body (ˈbɒdi) – hier: das Gremium, das Organ, die Einrichtung
to denounce (dɪˈnaʊn(t)s) – etw anprangern
abominable (əˈbɒmɪnəbl̩) – furchtbar, schrecklich, widerwärtig
to counter (ˈkaʊntəʳ) – etw/jdm widersprechen, kontern
to classify (ˈklæsɪfaɪ) – etw klassifizieren, einordnen
exhaust (ɪgˈzɔ:st) – die Abgase, der Auspuff
carcinogen (kɑ:ˈsɪnəʤən) – der Krebserreger
to dissolve (dɪˈzɒlv) – sich auflösen
to condemn (kənˈdem) – etw verurteilen
to embroil (ɪmˈbrɔɪl) – jdn hineinziehen, verwickeln
to expose (ɪkˈspəʊz) – jdn etw aussetzen, preisgeben
air-tight (eəʳ-taɪt) – luftdicht
in charge (tʃɑ:ʤ) – verantwortlich, federführend
to relieve (rɪˈli:v) – hier: jdn entheben, befreien von
duty (ˈdju:ti) – die Pflicht
pollution (pəˈlu:ʃən) – die Verschmutzung